Thoughts and Actions: Reducing Waste and Living Mindfully


At Be Zero, we are continuing to spread the message of practical low-waste living along with simply ways to live more mindfully everyday. We'd like to start 2018 by sharing this inspiration through the lens of our Be Zero Ambassador Volunteers. Below you'll find a handful of personal actions and thoughtful ways to rethink your waste and your everyday life. 



Begin a gratitude practice with a friend. Gratitude is grounding and life-affirming. It can be done at any time as a quick check-in or as a deeper reflection. I've found that I have steadily grow in closeness with my gratitude partner as it's an incredibly intimate and vulnerable form of sharing.  - Ella Kinsman, Brooklyn, NY

Awareness is powerful, think it through. If you only plan to use something for a few weeks, days, or even minutes - it doesn't need to be made out of a material made to last hundreds or thousands of years. Search for reusable alternatives that are made with sustainable practices. When in doubt, connect with individuals passionate about Zero Waste living in your community and online, and utilize them as a resource.   - Lena, Grand Haven, MI


Media consumption dominates most of our lives. To live a more simple life, find ways to still be part of the media but make it less of an immediate importance. Turning off all notification for apps on your phone based on your needs will help you browse far less, making life more meaningful.  - Daniela Watson, Omaha, NE

Make note of the things you are buying for the purpose of throwing it away - Ziploc Bags, Brown Paper Bags, Trash Bag Liners, Yard Bags, etc. and replace them with reusables or stop using them all together. You don't need liners in your trash cans - especially once you start composting and recycling! - Genevieve Nalls, Charlotte, NC


Be prepared. Keep your reusable bags and your bottle for water always in your bag and anytime you are hungry, you can get something without packing easily. - Pavla Wernerová // Brno, Czech Republic


Change your mindset. This is a tough one, but so so important, because without changing your mindset, and deciding that buying less, owning less, and producing less trash is something you are committed to, nothing else matters.  - Emily Post, Lakewood, CO




Find your tribe! Oftentimes our close friends and family members will not be our biggest supporters, because they don't quite understand or they're just not ready to change. This can be very discouraging - so don't lose faith! Share your new lifestyle changes on social media; plan a meet-up with local folks trying to do the same; build community! This will allow you to offer and accept inspiration and motivation to keep at it, and to grow accountable to one another. I have met so many amazing locals who are now my close friends!  - Darby Bundy, Seattle, WA


Eat seasonally and locally, find a farmers market or grocery committed to supporting local agriculture. Get to know your local farmers and growers and build relationships with them. This not only supports community economy but also helps reduce our impact on the environment.  - Page Case, Charlotte NC

Work on identifying places where its easy to find certain products you buy in bulk often that are near where you live. Make a big commitment (to yourself) to always stick to buying these easy to source items in bulk. This allows you to start making new habits that aren't so hard to keep, so will help avoid frustration and ease the path for taking the next steps in reducing your waste.  - Brenna Walsh Montreal, Quebec, Canada

TerraCycle is Saving the Holidays and the Planet

We're happy to share the stories and positive work of our Ambassadors in their own words. Our Be Zero Ambassadors bring life to the Be Zero Mission by sharing and inspiring ways to live simple and low-waste lifestyles. In this post, our Ambassadors teamed up to talk to the people at TerraCycle. 

By Be Zero Ambassadors: Jenica Barrett, Katie Mabardy, and Eniko Olah



If you’re really into recycling, you’ve probably heard of a company called TerraCycle. But just in case you haven’t, let me tell you a little about them. Two weeks ago we contacted Joy Nemerson and Lauren Taylor who work for TerraCycle to get the inside scoop on exactly why TerraCycle is a leader in the recycling movement.


TerraCycle was founded in 2001 by Tom Szaky who wanted to repurpose used soda bottles to hold organic fertilizer (worm poop). Tom figured out that he could get people to send him their “waste” to be reused in a new product. This allowed for an earth-friendly and cost effective business model. Through a licensing agreement with some of the largest soft drink manufacturers in the world, Tom used their bottles to hold the fertilizer and began selling them nationwide. Now, TerraCycle no longer makes fertilizer but has expanded into 21 different countries with a growing list of critical corporate partners working on reducing the amount of waste going to landfills..

TerraCycle does this by collecting waste through three different models:

(1) Free Recycling Programs

TerraCycle Cliff Bars.jpg

The Recycling programs run off of sponsors from large companies trying to improve their impact on the planet by recycling products. The companies sponsor a collection of certain products (usually the ones they produce) that TerraCycle reuses or recycles through contracts with third-party processors. Consumers only have to sign up to the TerraCycle website and download a shipping label when enough items have been collected to return those items for processing (with no charge to the consumer). This helps companies and consumers know their products are being recycled and avoiding the landfill.. A full list of participating brands and products can be found at There is even a cigarette butt recycling program!

(2) Zero Waste Boxes

Zero Waste Box model allows anyone to purchase a zero-waste box with a shipping label based on categories and specific waste streams. Boxes are shipped to the consumer, filled with items, and then shipped back to TerraCycle for processing. Some examples of Zero Waste Boxes are for school supplies or protective equipment and medical waste. Fun fact, TerraCycle is the world leader in recycling K-cups! A full list of current Zero Waste Boxes can be found at

(3) Partnering with Manufacturers

TerraCycle also uses a freight recycling model to recycle large volumes of singular waste streams from facilities.  These facilities can include manufacturing plants, packaging suppliers, distribution centers, and warehouses.  Many different types of scrap plastics are generated at these locations, and TerraCycle provides recycling services ranging from a few pallets’ worth of scrap all the way up to multiple truckloads of scrap.

So you might be asking yourself, what exactly does TerraCycle have to do with the holiday season and Christmas? Well, for all of you planning on giving gifts this year, wrapping paper waste can be a huge issue. On average, U.S. citizens purchase over $7 billion of wrapping paper every year and most of that ends up in the trash (Siner, 2016). Given the laminate on many types of gift wrap, the paper can’t be placed in the recycling bin. Many municipalities also don’t accept wrapping paper at all. And this is where TerraCycle comes in…


TerraCycle Gift Wrapping Box.jpg

The first step, as Joy kindly pointed out, is for consumers is to use a recyclable alternative to wrapping paper. But if snowflakes and gingerbread covered paper is calling to you, TerraCycle offers another option. Through their Zero Waste Box campaign, TerraCycle  offers a box specifically for any type of “wrapping paper, ribbon, bows, tissue paper or party supplies such as garlands and confetti”. It is available for purchase on their website for $78-221 depending on the size. The box can be a great Holiday gift to yourself or for your friends and family! Once the box is filled, mail it back to TerraCycle where they will separate out the plastics and fibers to reuse or compost. In the month of December it will be 20% off so remember to check their website soon!

We’d like to say a special thank-you to Joy Nemerson and Lauren Taylor for answering our questions and providing us with valuable insight into this innovative company!

My Zero Waste Wedding, Part 1



By Jess Drawhorn, Be Zero

I never thought I would be the type of person to get really hyped over having a wedding. Actually, I’ve sworn that I would never get married and even if I did, I wouldn’t have a dumb wedding and spend a lot of money and a year of my life planning a big, stressful party.

And here we are, with 200 or so days to go. And I’m so into this. Of course I am, I love hosting parties. I love my friends and family. I love feeding people and dancing under twinkle lights.

The planning process has been really fun so far, and I’d love to share my wedding with all y’all zero wasters as a resource for your future party planning. This post is called Part 1; I’ll cover what I’ve planned so far, and some of the workarounds I’ve come up with to avoid waste. In Part 2, I’ll share the results (and surely the mishaps along the way). I’ll be as transparent about cost as possible, because I am a money-saving queen and I want you to be one too. I’ll also try to estimate how much waste each aspect of the event will create, even if said waste is recyclable or compostable. This is a long one, stay hydrated!


You’ll never hear me dog on anyone else’s wedding style. This post is all about the intersection of my personal tastes and values, and I’m really just here to explain how I’m pulling it off.

I encourage all of you to really consider how your wedding can be a reflection of your own values, rather than automatically falling in line with the wedding trends heavily marketed to us.




Backyard ceremony under a big tree, 70ish guests, my dog is there in a bow tie, lots of lights and greenery, native wildflowers, one long dinner table, blankets and pillows on the ground for lounging, dance party on the deck, donuts, all my out of town friends are reuniting and meeting my in-town friends, my family gets to see my new home and of course, my partner Austin is there and we’re stoked to be married!

NOT IN THE PLAN: Waste, kitschy single-use decorations, over-the-top consumption, sexist traditions, unethically sourced food and clothing.


Austin and I went to brunch one morning and put together our whole wedding website, which will serve as a digital save-the-date and invitation. It’s also got info about accommodations, travel tips and our honeymoon registry. At one point in my life, I would have spent hours designing my own invitations, obsessing over paper types and painstakingly hand printing them all. Doesn’t seem as important to me these days. I was happy enough to insert the relevant details into a template and call it a day.

BUDGET: $1.17 for a domain registry at TRASH: Zero, what a victory!



I am already eternally grateful that my friends Tyler and Cortney will be hosting our wedding in their beautiful backyard! That cuts the costs by thousands of dollars. In exchange we’re helping them build a deck and plant some garden beds. That’s a fair trade right? Seriously this is the best. This also ensures that I can have more control over how this whole thing goes down, and more of an opportunity to take my time. If I had a traditional rental, I’d be rushing around at the last minute trying to get deliveries in the right spot and I’d most likely have to make value related compromises (like eating take out and buying things new!) for the sake of time and convenience. No thanks, I’d rather spend the weekend before hanging lights and dropping off boxes so I can spend more time with my guests while they’re in town!

BUDGET: Day after cleaning service $80 TRASH: None? I’m sure we’ll come up with something.



I snapped my dress up on eBay for a cool fifty bucks. I thought my low budget would mean I’d end up wearing whatever crummy old white dress I could find secondhand, but I happened upon a beautiful J. Crew dress in exactly my size! eBay is overcrowded with cheap, new dresses, so I spent a lot of time scrolling through resale sites like Poshmark and Tradesy, which specialize in pre-owned clothing. When I found a style I liked, I cross-referenced eBay and other sites to find the right price and size. I struck out more times than I’d like to admit, but eventually found a great dress. My ring was actually purchased new from Meadowbelle Market on Etsy, but we literally found Austin’s ring on the ground at a park…so I think it evens out. (We tried, and will continue to try, to find the original owner!) I haven’t decided yet if I’ll wear a wedding band as well as my engagement ring, but if I do, I’ll buy a matching band from Meadowbelle.

Keeping my eye on a pair of wooden-heeled sandals from No. 6 shoes on resale sites. I may end up asking a friend very nicely if I may borrow her pair that fits me perfectly….

For hair and makeup, I’ll just do my own, using what I already have! I will need to buy some waterproof mascara, because y’all, I am a big time crier.

Austin’s attire is up to him! He has a great sense of style, and I couldn’t care less what he’d like to wear. I’d marry him in gym clothes.

BUDGET: $200 TRASH: Shipping envelopes and packaging for the ring and the dress.




Here’s another area where I got pretty lucky. At my day job, I plan events and have been working with the nicest caterer of all time for about a year now. He agreed to prepare a vegan buffet for my guests at $10 per person! Wild, right?? You could try to recreate this luck by reaching out to companies who cater corporate lunches, especially in government offices. The price per person for events like that is typically around $15, so you may be able to negotiate a lower rate by requesting a plant-based meal and nixing any add-ons like sodas or dessert they’d normally provide. Even if you’re not a full-time vegan, it wouldn’t hurt to run some numbers to check out the cost savings. But more important than cost, plant-based foods are kinder, healthier and less wasteful.

BUDGET: $600  TRASH: Fuel canisters for the chafing dishes.

I love to cook and briefly flirted with the idea of cooking all the food myself, but that clashes with my priorities of 1) not stressing myself out and 2) spending plenty of time with the people in town to see us! As a compromise, I’m planning on making some appetizers that can be prepped ahead of time- like hummus, salsa and vegan cheeses. And in order to save even more, we’re ordering a buffet for about 70% of the total number of guests and supplementing with apps, dessert and late night pizzas.

BUDGET: $125 TRASH: Packaging from chips and crackers, pizza boxes.

My fiance is a photographer, and he’s trading a baker friend of ours a family photo shoot in exchange for our cake! I also really want to order several dozen donuts from Beet Box, but I need to check with them to see if we can work out a trash-free method of getting our hands on those.

BUDGET: $75 TRASH: Possibly boxes for the donuts


A huge way that we’re cutting back waste is by serving our beer, wine and sparkling water all from kegs! Kegged wine has been on the scene in restaurants for a few years now, but it’s really hard to find as a retail customer, so I asked a friend who works in distribution to help me out! If you can’t get your hands on a keg of wine, try serving boxed wine instead of bottled to lessen your carbon footprint. (The glass bottle vs. plastic liner thing is some tough eco-math, but I think in this case it is better to go boxed since glass is so heavy. Heavy = more fuel to ship!)

Quite a few of our guests (myself included) don’t drink, so I’m setting up a keg of sparkling water with some bitters and syrups from local Dram Apothecary to make fun summer zero-proof cocktails. (Excellent idea from my friend Marina of Anhaica Bag Works.) To pull this off, I’ll turn to my trusty Next Door app to find a beer-brewing neighbor who can force-carbonate some water for me in a borrowed keg.

BUDGET: Drinking isn’t really all that important to us, so we’ll spend less than $150 on alcohol. Plus, the elevation will help everyone make the most of a few glasses of wine ;)

TRASH: Plastic caps on the kegs, bags of ice to keep cool, bottles of bitters and syrups.


Austin and I are big travelers, and our jobs take us all over the state, so the plan is to thrift all of our table settings in all the little towns we end up in. The Queen’s Wardrobe in Idaho Springs yielded 70 silver forks at $.10 each, and I found a beautiful set of dinner plates when we travelled up to Nebraska to see the eclipse last month. I was hoping to avoid the mason jar aesthetic for our wedding, but I guess the shoe fits. Not only do we already have countless jars on hand at home, we go through a glass jar of peanut butter a week! I’m saving those to use for drinking glasses and flower vases. Also on the lookout for linen sheets to tear into raw-edged napkins.  

BUDGET: $60. This route is far less expensive than using a rental company, and we’ll just re-donate everything back afterwards! TRASH: Price stickers, receipts.



This part is still a bit up in the air; I do know that I’ll be snapping up string lights at secondhand stores the moment they swap Halloween merch for holiday stuff. But other than that, I’m not quite ready to think about styling the event. I am not a fan of superfluous wedding design elements, like cutesy signage or elaborate centerpieces, so we’ll keep it pretty simple. We’ll probably forage some greenery from the alleyways around our house, with permission from neighbors of course. One tree I’ve got my eye on that grows like wild around here is called a ‘peanut butter tree’. The leaves are huge, plentiful, and perfect for slipping into a vase (aka an empty peanut butter jar!) to sparsely decorate the dinner tables. That… might be it. I don’t like the idea of bringing in imported unseasonal flowers, and not much in Colorado will bloom in time. I’ll keep my eyes open for wildflowers for a bouquet and call it a day. Everyone around here has been rolling their eyes at me when I joke about an edible greens bouquet with kale and mint, so I may just do that to embrace my eco-nerdiness in totality.

For the altar, I’m thinking of making a macrame archway from this pattern. If so, I’ll be sure to check out thrift stores like ReFrame in Denver and The Craft Box in Golden for cord.

Oh! And we’re using the Fluid Market app to rent tables, chairs and tablecloths from folks in our neighborhood!

BUDGET: $250 TRASH: Boxes and twist ties from the lights (all secondhand though!), receipts, and probably some trash associated with renting the seating and tables. Couldn’t you just see the chairs showing up entirely wrapped in plastic for some reason?



Grouping these together because Austin is in charge of both. He’s training a student to shoot weddings, and using ours as practice! We’re making playlists of all our favorite dance tunes and are also inviting our shockingly talented friends to bring their instruments for a jam sesh.



We already own the following:

  • Chalkboard A-frame sign

  • Blankets and pillows for the lawn

  • Speaker system

  • Wooden spoons and serving dishes

We’ll use borrow or thrift the following:

  • Fuji Instax cameras from the Fluid Market app

  • Crates, baskets and boxes for organizing and setting up the different stations

  • Some sort of giant tub for the kegs

  • More blankets and pillows

  • Thank you cards


Whew, that was tough to get down in writing! Planning a wedding feels like the ultimate zero waste gauntlet. This whole process is really putting to the test my commitment to being resourceful and thrifty, but slowly and surely all the pieces are coming together. The most important detail for me is that all my people will be there to celebrate the beginning of what is sure to be an excellent marriage.

Whether or not any of the above is relevant to your planning process, I hope you all can find ways to make sure your wedding is not only a celebration of your love, but of your values! If you have any questions that I could help answer, email me anytime:

Ambassador Spotlight: Interview with Toni Desrosiers of Abeego


We're happy to share the stories and positive work of our Ambassadors in their own words. Our Be Zero Ambassadors bring life to the Be Zero Mission by sharing and inspiring ways to live simple and low-waste lifestyles. In this post, our Ambassador Tracy, shares a recent interview with the founder of Abeego natural food wraps! 


Written by Tracy Puhl

Beeswax food wraps are a staple in my house ever since we ditched plastic wrap a few years ago. As a business owner myself, I’m always interested in how other companies work toward zero waste in their business practices, so I jumped at the opportunity to interview Toni Desrosiers for the Be Zero blog.

Toni Desrosiers invented Abeego in 2008. The idea for a natural way to store food popped into her mind and then haunted her every waking (and sleeping) moment until she agreed to create it. As a result, Abeego is the first food wrap that picks up where the peel leaves off. Abeego’s mission is to Keep Food Alive, and their reusable beeswax wraps protect food from air and moisture and let it breathe--just like nature's lemon peel, onion skin and cheese rind.

Tracy: What inspired you to invent Abeego?

Toni: I believe nature's intelligence far exceeds our ability to understand it. Two major concepts pushed me to invent Abeego. First, I was convinced that nature would not offer an abundance of fresh living foods if she did not also offer the materials needed to keep it fresh for a period of time. Secondly, every time nature has wrapped food it's been in an breathable and opaque (peel, skin, rind, shell) wrap that protects from air, light and moisture. There's not a single airtight and transparent food wrap in the natural world! Sit with that for a minute. Nature never once sealed, locked or trapped your fresh, living food in an airtight, transparent food wrap yet humans have accepted this as normal.  I made it my mission to disprove this concept and bring the principles of nature back to food wrap.

Tracy: What does zero waste mean to you?

Toni: The concept of using the whole beast was present from the day I invented Abeego. The value of the natural resources used to create Abeego was unmistakable. I knew it was my responsibility give every shred it's fullest life so we've adopted a near-zero waste principle. Almost every piece of Abeego is used to create a value-add product for our brand. Every package of Abeego comes with a 2"x 2" square that can be used to cover the top of a wine bottle. We want people to know even the smallest amount of Abeego is useful! We share the long shreds with our local weaving guild who teach people to make useful products from gleaned resources. Our Abeego Twist (launching this fall) is our commitment to using the the whole beeswax wrap. It's long strips of Abeego that can be used as a firestarter, twist tie, weaving material and many other things & it'll be gifted with all purchases over $50.  

Abeego is on a mission to Keep Food Alive and that means ending food waste. Did you know that average household tosses almost 40% of the food they buy! When we wrap fresh food in airtight plastic wrap it sweats, suffocates and rots and that contributes to the billions of dollar North Americans toss into the compost heap every year. Keeping your fresh food in a breathable food wrap dramatically reduces the amount of food you waste and that has real meaning when you're on a zero waste mission!


Tracy: What challenges have you faced in integrating zero waste concepts into your business practices?

Toni: Our grandest ideas have not always been easy to put into practice. For example, right now there are ozens of Abeego Twists sitting in my garage and my husband is convinced I'm a hoarder. We've been saving every scrap from Abeego with the plans to launch them as a product but little things kept getting in the way and the boxes kept piling up! Not using the resource was starting to look a lot like waste so we got our butts in gear and will be launching the Abeego Twists this fall!


Waste management is a big part of running a business and reducing it can be challenging. We're constantly reviewing the materials that come into our studio, planning our orders to reduce waste and assisting our suppliers to find new ways to ensure they aren't sending us waste. One supplier was still using packing peanuts (if you can believe people still do that!) and we helped them find a better way to pack the goods they were shipping us so we weren't left dealing with the waste. In the end they found a more sustainable what to operate and were grateful that we worked with them to improve their offering.

Tracy: What has changed about Abeego over the past 9 years? What has stayed the same?

Toni: The biggest change to Abeego in the past 9 years was our entire look! In 2016, we relaunched Abeego as the beautiful product you can find on the shelf today. We obsessed about our mission, messaging and the impact we wanted Abeego to have in the world and went from there. Abeego is still made by hand and we're still using the original formula I developed in 2008.

Ambassador Spotlight: How to Pack a Zero Waste Kids Lunch


We're happy to share the stories and positive work of our Ambassadors in their own words. Our Be Zero Ambassadors bring life to the Be Zero Mission by sharing and inspiring ways to live simple and low-waste lifestyles. In this post, our Ambassador Meagan, shares how she creates low waste lunches with kids! 

Written by Meagan Coates

These days you can get almost anything packaged but luckily, packing a low-waste school lunch for children is a cinch with some simple swaps. We invested in a PlanetBox which is a bento style, stainless steel lunch container. It is a brilliant design and is easy to use and wash. My son loves having the different compartments and a selection of items in the tray. It also makes packing the right portion sizes easier in my opinion.

I use one space for a vegetable (favorites include carrots, cucumber, snap peas), one for fruit (grapes, berries, kiwi), one for the sandwich or main course (almond butter and jelly, pasta salad) and one for some sort of snack (crackers, nuts) or protein (cheese, hummus).


There are also two small containers for snacks that can be placed inside the box or kept separate. You don’t have to have a fancy lunch box to avoid packaged foods for kid lunches though. A reusable lunch bag, reusable snack pouches or glass Tupperware can do the trick. At my son’s preschool they have a morning and afternoon snack time in addition to lunch so we like to use one separate container for that as well.



Simple Meal Ideas! 

Morning snack ideas: a banana, apple or homemade granola bar in a Lunchskin or reusable pouch.

Afternoon snack ideas: cookies, nuts, crackers, dried fruit or trail mix in a container

Drink: juice boxes are so wasteful—the plastic wrapped straw that is challenging for little hands to poke in, the trash remaining after the drink is gone, the packaging around the juice. Instead, we opt for a reusable bottle; stainless steel one gets reused in our house each day and filled most days with milk but sometimes with juice or water.

Reusable Resource Links! 



Stasher Bag


Ambassador Spotlight: Creating Less Waste In Senegal

We're happy to share the stories and positive work of our Ambassadors in their own words. Our Be Zero Ambassadors bring life to the Be Zero Mission by sharing and inspiring ways to live simple and low-waste lifestyles. In this post, Brenna Walsh, shares her story of living with less waste while in Dakar, Senegal! 

I am new to the Ambassador Program and wanted to use my first few posts to take the opportunity to discuss the experience of trying to live creating less waste in Dakar, Senegal. I have been living here for almost five months now and am actually doing an internship with a local NGO who focuses on implementation of sustainable waste management systems in Senegal. This is my first opportunity to work in development as well as in waste management, and my first experience living in a developing country so needless to say I am learning A LOT! I am trying to soak as much in as I can in and pass some of my observations along in my last month here. After this I will be moving back to Montreal, Canada and continuing to try to purposefully make less waste.  

Through my job I have gotten to learn a lot about the quality of door to door waste pick up services, persistence of wild dump sites in the country and the different initiatives, both grassroots and government led to valorize waste (including recycling, repurposing, composting etc.).

However, on a more personal level I have noticed quite a few differences in how waste in perceived which brings about some different discussion points when considering different common topics that come up in creating less waste. While I have been here I have been trying to be conscious of how much waste I have been creating, but keeping in mind some limitations. The first one is that I live in a house family- who also make me great Senegalese food every day- and the second being the fact that I am often at the edge of my comfort zone with the grand adventure that is living in Dakar, so I have been trying not to give myself too much of a hard time when some creature comforts that happen to come in more packaging than I would usually like.   
One of the really great things about living in Dakar is that the best fresh produce which is available is sold package free on street corners all over the city.

I live in a neighbourhood called Mermoz, and there are 5+ fruit vendors and 5+ vegetable vendors within a ten minute walk of where I live. However, once you get to the stage of buying the produce, one of the large (at least to me) conundrums of life in Senegal is literally presented. Even if you are just buying a single apple, the produce will be put in a small plastic bag, which is even as single use bags come, really bad quality. I was actually warned about these bags before my arrival (weird discussion point, I know, but they are omnipresent). However, I do always try to bring my own bag for produce and the vendors are usually quite happy to put the items in my bag, plastic free. Though there is a bit of a language barrier as the common language I have with most people here is French, almost always both my and their second language I am always buoyed by even the few sentence exchanges I have with people when they recognize that I’m trying to not take a bag as it's better for the environment.

There are many other items which are available both packaging free and which support the local economy, which is always a plus such as abundant bar soaps and homemade jams and chutneys. Re-use of glass jars in also prevalent, vendors selling fresh roasted nuts in a repurposed wine bottle are almost as frequent as those selling produce. Staples like rice are also often sold in large quantities, on the last trip I was on for work we were tasked with buying two 50 kilo bags of the local rice from the community we were visiting for the family I am living with. Even after they are used to store this large quantity of rice the bags are often reused, or used as a garbage bag. So, there are quite a few items which are available either packaging free or with minimal packaging. 
However, there is also a significant presence of packaged items here which are intended for single use, and quite a few of the common items are not typically sold in single use/single serving quantities. Coffee is available in one of two ways. If you buy it on the go, you can buy coffee on the street which comes in espresso sized plastic cups.

Not great for reuse and are kind of thought of as small and inconsequential and are therefore often tossed on the side of the road. The most common option if you are making coffee at home is a single serving sachet of instant coffee. I have these quite regularly and they kind of give me nightmares about coffee pods, but I will not get off on this tangent. Another example that comes to mind is one day that I was making fruit juice with the house family that I live in. We had added the juice, some sugar from a bulk size bag and a couple shakes of vanilla extract, so seemed good to me. However, the last ingredient was some sort of vanilla sugar, which came in tiny packs the size of a salt sachet you may see in a fast food restaurant.

We opened ten of these to put in the juice. Needless to say I was quite confused. Since then, I have noticed quite a few items available in very small packages (I think I saw sachets of baking soda the other day, but I am not quite sure) in the grocery and corner stores. I guess it should not be surprising that the items that come packaged for single serving or as single use differ from those that are seen as more standard at home. It does seem that both here and in Canada, the use of single use or single serving size packaged items are mainstream due to convenience and habit. 

I have been trying to be conscious of my own consumption while here and though I do think the guy who runs the frozen yogurt shop in my neighbourhood may think I am crazy as I keep showing up with their branded plastic container to put my froyo in (it is on to its fourth use now!) Formal recycling is very limited here, and it is surprising how quickly guilt builds up when throwing out plastic containers. I haven’t bought any containers for snacks however and now have a small collection of containers that I have saved from the trash for bringing trail mix, crackers and carrots on day trips etc.  I think that there is potential for momentum to reduce the amount of waste which is being produced at the level of the individual here.

A lot of the habits relating to the convenience of single use which I present in Canada are present here as well and like there a lot of single use items could be swapped out fairly simply. Another aspect that could be interesting to bring into focus could be how to highlight the value of things like buying a single 50 kilo bag of rice instead of buying a plastic sack of rice one kilo at a time, which is the way most families in Canada currently purchase this type of commodity. This habit has been lost in development and it would be really interesting to figure out how to sustain this in this society where this practice is still common. 

Toy Librarians on a Mission to Build Community and Reduce Waste

We're happy to share the stories and positive work of our Ambassadors in their own words. Our Be Zero Ambassadors bring life to the Be Zero Mission by sharing and inspiring ways to live simple and low-waste lifestyles. Our Ambassador, Bobbie, shares her recent conversation with the Minneapolis Toy Library! 

Toy Librarians on a Mission to Build Community and Reduce Waste

Tucked in a small side entrance of a Lutheran church basement in Minneapolis, Minnesota sits 1,400 toys and counting; a collection that is rotated, reused and loved by 165 members of the Minneapolis Toy Library.  I met with Rebecca Nutter, co-founder and toy expert of the organization, to hear about how three moms operate their library with a mission to reduce waste, promote child development and build their community.

The library was born from a realization that a child’s interests change quickly and acquiring enough stuff to keep up is overwhelming.  Looking for a way to embrace minimalism as a solution led them to the toy library concept, and a timely grant opportunity that focused on local community projects was their ticket. A grant application, a website, social media presence and a call out to volunteers recruited the full founding team and a first concept meeting.  After 9 months of planning, pondering and dreaming, the toy library opened.  It started out as a service brought into local libraries, and when hauling the toys got to be too much, they opened their own space in Rebecca’s garage—right next to the family vehicles. Before long, they decided to upgrade to a bigger space.

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Between grants and membership fees (for which they offer a sliding scale), the founders were able to acquire half of a church youth room for $200 a month.  Rebecca said they really struggled to find a location on their modest budget and looked to churches knowing a lot of them had unused space and could use rent money.  Their inventory was originally tracked by paper and pencil, and is now stored on an application designed by Rebecca’s husband.  The batteries used in the electronic toys are donated by a member’s workplace.  The shelving and fixtures that line the library were donated or found discarded in alleys.  “It’s been a labor of love”, Rebecca says.  They found support in their member community and their network of toy librarians, and stayed true to their minimalist philosophy.  

I asked Rebecca how that philosophy transferred to her kids when they learned that they’d be purging all of their toys at the start of the library’s operations.  She said that she was raised to believe that she didn’t need a lot of stuff, and she instilled that concept with her kids at a young age.  They’ve learned how to be resourceful with other things.  A cardboard box for instance, or a basket of unused fabric.  Her daughter, Rebecca tells me, recently made a cape out of a piece of fabric, and kept herself busy with just that.  She expects that her kids will be bored from time to time, but that is where she believes creativity comes from.  

Rebecca admits, however, that all kids are different and giving up toys can be difficult.  All of the founders purged their houses when the library started, and she suggests that the transition can be easier when you talk to your kids about how much other kids can enjoy their toys.  Rebecca and her kids do things outside the home to stay busy.  She takes them to the zoo and the library, and they play outside all summer.  She believes that it is also important for parents to model resourceful behavior.  Her kids often see her donating to Goodwill or shopping secondhand.  Be slow about the change so that your kids can adjust, and give expectations, she suggests.  For instance, tell your kids that in two weeks, the family is going to donate their set of blocks, and give them time to process that.  If it helps, start by sharing and swapping toys with your neighbors so that the kids can get used to letting go before you start donating. 

Starting a toy library can be as simple as a network of neighbors getting together and realizing that they don’t all need a Little Tykes basketball hoop.  Their toy library has grown just by word of mouth, social media and flyers.  They’ve received three grants since they started and are otherwise running on the courteous donations of library members and others in the Minneapolis community.  Their latest grant, donated by Hennepin County Green Partners, will be used to continue education around recycling and reusing.  Rebecca says they teach their members about fixing broken toys rather than tossing them.  A trip to the hardware store and a little creativity has occasionally saved broken toys returned to their shelves.  The library has also hosted a successful childrens’ shoe swap, they recently partnered with Terracycle to collect 32 pounds of broken toys, and they are currently collecting crayons to be recycled through The Crayon Initiative.  They’ve got a few other ideas in the works, Rebecca says.  Hopefully one of those is a sister branch for their growing library!

To donate, become a member, or learn more about the library, visit or find them on Facebook or Instagram @mplstoylibrary.

Grocery Shopping with Less Waste | Safeway


When taking steps to make less trash in the home (and in life), the biggest hurdle that comes up is food packaging. Unfortunately, not everyone has access to grocery stores with bulk bins, access to farmer's markets, or locally made items. 

One of the topics that gets missed the most when talking about zero waste ideas surrounding this lifestyle is that their is simple no zero waste economy. Trash happens. Packaging exists. Our current infrastructure is linear, which means we design products (from clothing to cookie packaging) with waste as an end product. We do not have the global infrastructure, laws, recovery systems, and consumer demand in place yet to support a zero waste (circular) economy. But we can live with a mindset that helps us dramatically curb our waste and become more resourceful, thrifty, community-centered, and most importantly material mindful. I believe collectively this mindset will help to push and move us forward in the right direction. 

With a circular mindset we can live our lives with dramatically less waste and bring about change through our consumer actions and voices. At Be Zero, we teach and inspire this circular mindset as a way to rethink how our actions interact with the world around us. 

In circular (zero waste) economies, trash is designed out of the equation. And everyone is on the same page about materials from the manufacturer, consumer, recover systems, and reapplication of materials. This is a very simplified look at it (I could talk for hours on this), so in the meantime know that you can do three things:

1. Rethink materials (under what is recyclable in your specific area)

2. Use less

3. Simplify 

Curbing our waste while grabbing our weekly grub isn't as hard as one might think. Much of the decision making comes down to looking at the packaging and also rethinking what we are buying in the first place. Most items in grocery stores today are unnecessary and expensive. And with a little time and shifting habits around you'll see that you'll be buying less, eating better, and making more quick and easy meals from simple ingredients. These are skills that everyone should have in their back pocket.  

I'm going to take you on a photo tour of our local Boulder Safeway. I'm going to share some ideas with you to help you think about packaging and product and where to rethink purchases with the end goal of reducing your personal waste stream while at the grocery store. 

The photos I'm going to present are simply for guiding - not exactly what to buy. I went through each aisle basically looking for examples of low-waste packaging. These items don't reflect my personal purchases or diet - not that it should matter to anyone. 

Boulder, Colorado 

Boulder, Colorado 

Remember! Grocery stores are different from city to city. And they often cater to the vibes of that city. Here in Boulder, people are generally eco-conscious and focus on natural health and well-being. That being said, this Safeway reflects those qualities with a quarter of the store dedicated to natural and organic foods. As you can see from the photo below. 


So let's start in the produce section. As you can see there are plenty of unpackaged items! Now produce can be expensive so learning how to extend and do more with produce is key (which is also another topic). But my advice is to stick with seasonal as much as you can and remember there is a lot you can do with onions, potatoes, garlic, and simple greens. 

Tips for produce:

  • Bring your own cloth or mesh bag!
  • Prolong veggie/produce life with natural food wraps like these, these, and these
  • Get resourceful and thrifty with produce | think about at least 2 different way to use an item in two different meals. 

The image below shows packaged and unpackaged lemons. Unless you're going actually utilize a whole bag of lemons, just grab one or two and get the most of those two. You can even turn the peels into a great multipurpose cleaner. 

Rethink Packaging | Less is More

What about the rest of the grocery store? Most foods in grocery stores are gimmick foods that appeal to our cultures fast and convenience tendencies. But remember, fast and convenient comes with a cost. Not just over packaging, but generally unhealthy, bad quality, and expensive (because you usually can only do one thing with that item rather than putting the food to work in multiple capacities). 

You can do a whole lot more with a can of beans than you can with a box of mac and cheese. Likewise, you can do more with a bottle of vinegar than you can with a bottle of Windex. The middle aisles of grocery stores are full of noise that drowns out the simplicity of food and product. Basically, we are overloaded with stuff that we don't need. And learning to navigate that for one's self is important. 

Below is an extensive aisle of cleaning products. We're told that we need a different cleaner for every part of the home. This simply isn't true. Much of these items are toxic, wasteful, and downright unnecessary. I can clean my whole home effectively with three ingredients (vinegar, baking soda, and essential oil). So this whole aisle is avoidable on most accounts. But if there is something you need or not willing to give up, just ask yourself how this product adds value to your life, health, and planet. 

Material mindfulness | Thinking about how materials are packaged

This grocery store had Borax and baking soda that both came in a paper cardboard boxes. These, when broken down and gently wiped after use, can go in your recycling bin. They did have vinegar in both plastic and glass. Now for economics sake, I'd choose the largest vinegar in plastic and you'll get multiple uses from that. These are generally way cheaper than buying multiple disposable cleaning wipes or cleaning products. 


Glass is inert. It doesn't interact with your food like plastic does. There are multiple choices in each aisle for glass over plastic. From sauces, jellies, sodas and condiments. Sometimes it may cost a little more, but remember you're buying more than just the item. You're also buying plastic made from undisclosed ingredients and additives. Not to mention the environmental havoc and death plastic generates from pollution and lingering on the planet. Think birds, whales, and sea turtles with bellies of plastic. 

Glass jars are also perfect for reuse. Since they don't interact with your food you can use them for storing drinks, leftovers, and even for household projects and gift assembly! 

Remember though, plastic packaging sometimes is unavoidable. But if you're reducing your single-use plastic waste everywhere else and concentrating on items that have a bigger value, say a big bag of dried beans compared to a Tetra Pak of ready beans, that's a step a step in the right direction. 

Aluminum Cans

While aluminum cans are not free and clear of issues (many are lined with plastic), they are a material that generally has a good recovery market. They are also good for larger meal planning and convenience. 

All paper isn't created equal. Some are coated with a thin lining of plastic making it 100% landfill. The most common products found in paper/cardboard are flour, sugar, baking soda, and often pasta. You can do the rip test to see whether your paper has a sneaky layer of plastic underneath. If it does, into the trash and if it doesn't send it to compost. 

Refill options!

Plastic water bottles are EXPENSIVE. Think about it. Your buying something to just throw it away. That goes for any disposable item. No wonder that in the mid 1950's when disposables where on the rise, most people looked down on them at first. Why would you spend your hard earned money on something you were going to toss in a few minutes? It wasn't until good old advertising started to shift our mindset on these disposables (also a story for another time). 

From bagels to donuts, I haven't seen a grocery store that hasn't had one of these grab and go bakery shelves. This method allows you to grab only what you actually need. You can use your own cloth produce bag to grab your item and if you happen to forget it, take a paper bag and compost it when your down or reuse it again. 

In the end, the absence of bulk bins does not make you less "zero waste" (whatever that means), because there is no zero waste right now. But you can have the zero waste (circular) mindset to dramatically curb your waste and reset your consumerism so someday our global infrastructure will move towards a circular economy. We simply must. 

A circular mindset teaches us to put value back into the things we use use and to take ownership of what's in our care. It's taking into account the footprint of where it comes from, how it will interact with our lives, and what will happen to it when we are done with it.

Putting value back into the resources, materials, creators, and community in which are stuff comes from is the essence of it all. 

Waste is a reflection of what we have lost value in. Collective attention will create change in putting value back into our planet, communities, and each other. 

Zero Waste Road Trip: A Teenager’s Point Of View

We're happy to share the stories and positive work of our Ambassadors in their own words. Our Be Zero Ambassadors bring life to the Be Zero Mission by sharing and inspiring ways to live simple and low-waste lifestyles. Our Ambassador, Abby, shares her recent adventure on making less trash while on the road! 

Zero Waste Road Trip: A Teenager’s Point Of View | Written by: Abby Abrahamson

A couple of weeks ago, I packed my suitcase for a family road trip from my home in Massachusetts to Washington, D.C. (and an overnight with family in Richmond, VA). For two weeks before the trip, I researched and planned how to travel while producing as little waste as possible. Having read about the consequences of waste generated by tourists, I was determined to enjoy the trip while still maintaining my minimal-waste lifestyle. 
Preparation: What I Packed
Everything I packed for the seven-day trip fit into a carry-on bag. I brought as little clothing as possible, so that there would be enough room for my suitcase to fit the car. I brought one dress, one pair of jeans, and several shirts and pairs of shorts. In addition to the usual undergarments,  I packed a sweater, a windbreaker, a swimsuit, sneakers, flip-flops, and a nightgown. Simplicity is key!
I packed my own shampoo, soap (and soap tin), bamboo toothbrush, and a small jar of baking soda that I used for toothpaste. As for deodorant, I packed a store-bought stick that I have had since before my transition to a zero waste lifestyle. All of these items came package-free, or in a recyclable material. I was expecting my period during the week of travel, so I packed my menstrual cup. Since I would be sharing a hotel bathroom with my family, washing and drying reusable pads wasn’t ideal. So, I packed disposable pads just in case. 
I knew that I would need to bring several zero waste “essentials”  in order to create as little waste as possible. The first thing that came to mind was a mason jar - it has so many uses! With it, I brought my Cuppow lid, something I use regularly. I also packed a set of stainless steel utensils, a reusable bag, and a reusable water bottle. 
The Road Trip
Our road trip from Massachusetts to Virginia took about ten hours. We (my parents, brother, and I) left early in the morning and arrived in Virginia by dinnertime, without making any pit stops. Naturally, we would need food! I brought with me some almonds and dried fruit in a mason jar. In anticipation of the trip, my parents bought packaged snacks such as granola bars and chips. Since we don’t live near any bulk stores, it was a logical choice. Luckily, my parents discussed this with me before the trip. Everyone did their best to make sure that our trip was as environmentally friendly as possible, so I didn’t get upset about the packaged snacks. 
Washington, D.C. 
We spent four days in Washington, D.C. With the help of my zero waste “essentials” I was able to maintain my minimal waste lifestyle for most of the trip. We did so much walking, I think my water bottle got the most use! I also made a point to refuse plastic shopping bags, especially for small things like postcards. 
I would like to point out here that my trip was not at all completely zero waste, which is why I use the term minimal waste. I soon learned that I couldn’t be zero waste when it came to eating out. My family was on a budget, and most of the restaurants in our price range were very nice, but often didn’t use many reusable items, such as plates. Sandwiches were often wrapped in wax paper or aluminum foil. In addition, I forgot my reusable napkin and silverware at the hotel one day. Instead of giving up altogether on generating as little waste as possible, I made the little actions count. When our food came in a brown paper bag, I either reused it or recycled it. When I ordered fruit and it came in a plastic container I recycled that, too! Every little action matters, and that is what I focused on during this trip.
What Will I Do Differently in the Future?

Once I was settled back at home, I thought, “What will I do differently next time to generate less waste?” Here is what I came up with:
Before the trip, I will scope out restaurants in the area that are more environmentally friendly.
I will pack an extra set of reusable utensils, one for the hotel and one for exploring the city.
Should I have the opportunity  to avoid using a paper plate, I will bring a reusable container or beeswax wrap to put a sandwich in.
The biggest thing that I learned during the road trip is to keep an open mind. With an open mind, I was able to find solutions, no matter how small, that would allow me to achieve my goal of creating as little waste possible.  As Vincent Van Gogh once said, “Great things are done by a series of small things brought together”.

Learn more how you can become part of our global Ambassador Community here.

Ambassador Spotlight: Zero Waste Senegal Interview with Charlotte Spinazze

We're happy to share the stories and positive work of our Ambassadors in their own words. Our Be Zero Ambassadors bring life to the Be Zero Mission by sharing and inspiring ways to live simple and low-waste lifestyles. Our Ambassador, Brenna, shares her conversation on zero waste with a women she met in Dakar, Senegal. Enjoy!

As a new member of the Be Zero Ambassador program here in Dakar, Senegal, I was really excited to get to sit down and talk to Charlotte Spinazze who also lives in Senegal. A year ago, Charlotte embarked on an endeavour to take her family as close to zero waste as possible. Though I still certainly have far to go in reducing my own waste, I have done quite a bit of reading on alternatives and was really pleasantly surprised to realize that a few of the simple alternatives that Charlotte had found here were things I had never thought of and were sitting right under my nose! 

For a bit of context, Dakar has a population of about 2.5 million and is the capital of Senegal, and is found on the Atlantic coast in West Africa.

Though there is a lot of work going on in waste management in Senegal, there is still a lot of progress to be made in terms of safe landfilling, consistent collection and there is very little formal recycling. I’m also excited to highlight a few local companies throughout this post, if you are ever visiting or working in Senegal, be sure to check them out! Through the article you’ll find the notes in italics are further information about some of the things which are referenced in the discussion, which may not be as obvious or familiar to those without experience with life in Dakar.

Charlotte has recently started the website Experience Zero Waste; the Facebook page Experience Zero Waste and a Zero Waste Senegal Facebook group

But let’s get down to business and on to the interview where Charlotte graciously invited me into her home to chat and show me a few of the zero waste alternatives she and her family have been using. 

Charlotte: These are a few things that I showcase when I do small events to raise awareness on zero waste lifestyle. For example, this is a cup that is sold here (i.e. in Dakar, Senegal).

Brenna: That is called the Ruby Cup?

Charlotte: Yes, I try to find and advertise as many local and locally sold products and alternatives as I can, which makes sense when you want to reduce your ecological footprint. These are cloth pads that are made here by ApiAfrique. They also sell cloth diapers, and reusable cotton rounds. 
Here is a local dry toothpaste, free of packaging, made here by Nyara. Another difference with a conventional and industrial toothpaste is that it is completely safe for your health. They also sell this deodorant, locally-made, in a reusable glass bottle. 

Brenna: And are they sold at the Lou Bess farmers market? This is a month market that runs the first Saturday of every month, from October to May in Dakar. It is really great!

Charlotte: Yes. Then I wanted to show you some bags that were made here out of wax. These can be used as produce bags, for shopping, or to store food at home for instance. 
Here are a few products that I brought back from France. When I don’t find an alternative that works for me here, I try to find it when I go back to France. For instance, this is solid shampoo, this is a bamboo toothbrush, and this is something for cleaning your ear, made out of bamboo as well.
This is a laundry soap that I made with Savon de Marseille, baking soda and white vinegar. You can also make it with a good quality local soap. 

Brenna: So that’s a bar soap that you grate?

Charlotte: Yes exactly. I also wanted to show a few books that really helped us reduce our waste. I have Bea Johnson’s, Zero Waste Home. She tries to eliminate every single waste from her life, which may be a bit difficult for people unfamiliar with zero waste. 

This one is my favorite, Famille presque Zéro Déchet: Ze guide, by Jeremy Pichon and Benedicte Moret. I think they present feasible alternatives for everyone. In this book they explain very well how you can reduce your whole ecological footprint by reducing your waste. This makes a lot of sense to me. For instance they also discuss how to reduce your impact when you travel, or the impact of your savings on your bank account. 

I started reading, Zero Waste Home, just before having my son in December 2015. When I had my baby, I had to adapt to so many new things, it was difficult to change our habits then. But quite rapidly, we realized we could do a lot to reduce our footprint and decided to be as zero waste as we could by the end of 2016. My partner did not find it very easy at the beginning, but step by step, we changed a lot of things. Since then, we were really able to reduce the majority of the waste we were producing. 

We really changed the way we buy our food here. We used to buy vegetables from the market but all the rest mainly came from the Casino supermarket. We found alternatives for almost every product we used to buy there, and buy everything mostly from small business owners now. 

Brenna: I am curious about what you have found here in terms of buying in bulk and things like filling your own containers here?

Charlotte: At the market you can buy a lot of products in bulk, like vegetables, fruits, rice, grains, sugar, tea, bissap, etc. And when you buy fish or meat you can also buy in bulk, if you bring your own reusable container. [Bissap is the name used in France and West Africa for Hibiscus, popular here in juice and several traditional Senegalese recipes].

Brenna: I didn’t know they sold that many things, and you can buy any amount you want?

Charlotte: Yes, many products at the local market are sold in bulk and you can buy the amount you want. What we changed mostly was really trying to buy more local food. There is a farmers market where you can buy local vegetables, ASD Market (which stands for Healthy and Sustainable Agriculture, it is a market that sells produce in three different neighborhoods in Dakar on three different days of the week). The vegetables are grown according to agro-ecological practices. We also eat more fresh vegetables than we used to. We buy organic vegetables, dairy, chicken, eggs and jams from another local farmer who tries to reduce packaging. For instance, he uses reusable glass containers for many products. 

We also tried to adapt our meals to what is available. Instead of going with a recipe and trying to find all the ingredients, now we try to see what is available locally and then go from there.

Brenna: It seems like it simplifies things in a lot of ways especially here if you are trying to find a lot of things in a recipe you might end up going to six stores. Even at box grocery stores in Dakar, there is sometimes a shortage of stock of a product like black beans or tortillas and they don’t come back in stock for weeks at a time. That can make meal planning a bit complicated as it is hard to be able to predict week-to-week what you will be able to find and where. 

Charlotte: It also makes more sense in the end. One of the things my partner says is that we are really eating better. We eat simpler meals, but they are definitely better thanks to the quality of the products. We don’t eat canned food anymore, which contains sugar for instance. This change in habits has greatly improved the taste of our meals! And we find that our health has improved a lot too! 

One of the first things that we changed at home, is using only baking soda, white vinegar, black soap and Savon de Marseille for cleaning our place. I began to do this for my baby, because babies are running around and in constant contact with the floor, so it is important that cleaning products are safe for them. It also helped reducing a lot of packaging. 

Brenna: So you’ve mentioned a lot of things that were easy to switch out and find here, but has there been anything that you have really struggled to find here or anything other than the bamboo toothbrush?  

Charlotte: So one of the first things we did was try to find reusable alternatives to all the throw-away products we were using. I looked for reusable diapers, but there was not a large choice for those here. Now it’s easier to find good reusable diapers thanks to ApiAfrique. 
Also, while finding organic vegetables and fruits here is possible, other organic products are much more difficult to find, and are mostly imported from Europe or the USA. But that is not very satisfying in terms of ecological footprint and I would rather support local businesses.  There are also a few products for which I haven’t found a safe, local and zero waste alternative, like shampoo. I am encouraging local businesses to think about it! 

Brenna: And you have recently started your website and the Facebook page. Have you had a lot of traction with these? Have you had interest from the Expat community and the Senegalese community? 

Charlotte: Ever since we started reducing waste, I wanted to show people that it is actually possible to reduce waste at home in Senegal. A lot of people think, “Hey, I can’t recycle so there is nothing I can do”, but actually, it’s far from the truth. Actually some things might even be easier here. You can easily give your food waste to animals for instance. There are many animals in Dakar, like chickens, goats, cats and dogs, who can eat food scraps.  Also, there are deposits on some containers, so you get the money back when you bring back the container. They are trying to reintroduce this in a lot of Western countries because it is more ecological than recycling, and it still exists here.

Brenna: Is this particularly for glass bottles?

Charlotte: Yes for glass bottles, if you buy soda or beer for instance. Also for water, if you buy the big 19 L bottles. As for the community, I received a lot of inquiries from people interested in learning more about zero waste. A lot of people want to meet and I was asked to do a few presentations about this lifestyle. For instance, I have done a presentation for a local network which is more of the expat community.

I was also asked to do a presentation for the Sensecampus at the IAM Dakar (Institution Africain de management/African Institute for Management). They support social entrepreneurs in Senegal. So I did a presentation for students there. The students, from Senegal, were very interested in the subject, so they decided to continue to hold events on zero waste on a regular basis. The students were interested to hear about waste in Senegal and in particular about the landfill here (Mbeubeuss is one of the largest in Africa). 

Many Senegalese and expatriates are happy to learn about alternatives to reduce their ecological footprint. It’s not the way that we learned how to consume so there is a need to change our habits. A lot of people here are already concerned about waste as it is definitely a problem – we can all see lots of trash in the streets and the country. Now we are actually trying to have an actual Zero Waste Senegal group of people that meet regularly. We have met once and plan to meet every two months. 

Brenna: So it was really reading this book (Zero Waste Home) that led you towards the zero waste path or were there some other personal influences that pushed you towards this?

Charlotte: While I was pregnant I had to stop working, and this gave me a lot of time to think about what I wanted for my baby, about our way of life and its ecological impact. When you are pregnant, a lot of people tell you that you need to buy a great number of things, and my partner and I did not want to consume that much because we were going to have a baby. Here it feels a bit like you are away from it as there aren’t as many shops to go to compared to Europe, but when you are pregnant it seems like the consumption society comes back to you. For us it was too much and we wanted to get what was really necessary. 

I think having a baby makes you really think what you want to show him and how you want to consume. So it was really an overall thinking about overconsumption and how you can do things differently. It was also a health concern with hormone disruptors found in most plastics for instance.

People here already reuse a lot more than we do in Western Countries and they produce far less waste compared to us. 

So now we are really trying to build a community here. There are more than 300 people in the group and people can propose alternatives or ask questions and people are exchanging more and more. I think that it is really important to think about reducing waste here in Senegal, because the country is developing rapidly, and as lifestyles are improving it also means people will produce more waste that will need to be dealt with. 

That’s all for our interview! It was really great to hear about potential alternatives, and I have definitely at times felt like, “Hey, I can’t recycle so there is nothing I can do.” Though a lot of the specific examples are products found here in Dakar, it is also relevant to many areas of the western world as well, particularly smaller towns that may not have easy access to bulk items or recycling.

I am from Halifax and there is a really great municipal compost program there, so when I moved to Montreal I really struggled with feeling like I was making a lot of food waste and there was little I could do about it living in an apartment. However, by keeping a perspective on your situation and focusing on the things you can control and not those you can’t, there will always be changes that can be made! Although I am leaving Dakar to head back to Canada, as I am eager to continue to learn from this community! 

For more information about the companies as well as the Lou Bess market, mentioned in this interview are easily found on their Facebook pages. 

Ambassador Spotlight: The Five Looks Challenge

We're happy to share the stories and positive work of our Ambassadors in their own words. Our Be Zero Ambassadors bring life to the Be Zero Mission by sharing and inspiring ways to live simple and low-waste lifestyles.

We just wrapped up our month long #BeZeroOneDress challenge, where we brought attention to our wardrobes, the environmental impacts of fast fashion and the reemergence of slow fashion. You can check it all out on our blog and over on Instagram. Some of our Be Zero Ambassadors played along by bringing attention to their own wardrobes!

Our Ambassador, Abbey, recently shared her capsule wardrobe with us a few weeks ago (catch that post here), and this time Abbey shares another wardrobe challenge with us! The Five Looks Challenge! Read below!

Written by Abbey 

In my last blog post, I shared my first ever capsule wardrobe with you all: what worked, what sucked, what I’m working towards. Well, I love my wardrobe so very much that in December, I was inspired to try something even more radical. 

One of my favorite sustainable and ethical fashion brands, People Tree, challenged all of their Instagram followers to create five different looks, wearing just five pieces for five days. 

Why? Between emerging research about microfibers in our waterways, the mass consumption and subsequent landfilling of textiles, and the unethical treatment of farmers and garment industry workers, fashion has an unreal impact on our planet.  And the best way to minimize your impact is to reduce and reuse, right? 

So, reduce to five pieces and reuse those five pieces throughout the week? Challenge accepted. 

My Five Pieces

  • Black silk A-line skirt
  • Green cardigan
  • Organic cotton leggings
  • Scoop-neck ¾ sleeve purple tee
  • White button-up

All five of these items are part of my current capsule wardrobe.  The skirt is secondhand from ThredUp (love love love them) and the leggings are one of only two truly ethical pieces in my closet. The cardigan, purple tee, and white button-up are all pieces I’ve owned for several years.

I loved this challenge. It’s amazing how limiting my options really allowed me to think differently about what I wear each day. I probably could have made another few outfits with these five pieces, so I’m actually eager to try another five days with these same pieces! 


Ambassador Spotlight: How To Throw A Zero Waste Birthday Party

We're happy to share the stories and positive work of our Ambassadors in their own words. Our Be Zero Ambassadors bring life to the Be Zero Mission by sharing and inspiring ways to live simple and low-waste lifestyles.  

Post by: Abby Abrahamson

When my grandfather’s birthday came around this month, my family wanted to throw him a birthday party. But, parties can generate a lot of waste. From the decorations to the presents, almost everything is thrown away and sent to the landfill after the celebration. So, I rolled up my sleeves, did a little digging, and came up with six tips for a less-waste birthday party. 


Reusable Tableware

Single-use plates, napkins, and utensils can be convenient, but are costly to the environment. Reusable alternatives such as cloth napkins, silverware, and ceramic or wooden plates are a much better option. Dread washing dishes afterwards? Simply load them in the dishwasher and press “start”. 

Package-Free Food

It’s no secret that food is an essential element of any party. To serve food without waste, you can make a homemade fruit and veggie platter and set up an avocado or taco bar using produce from the local market (brought home in reusable produce bags, of course!). Another idea is to buy nuts, pretzels, and sweets in bulk and set them on the table in individual bowls. Personally, I love a birthday barbecue, and Kathryn from Going Zero Waste made a superb guide to less-waste barbecuing that can be found here.

What about the cake, you ask? Most bakeries package cakes in a cardboard box, which can’t be recycled if there’s food on it. Instead, try baking a cake from scratch and icing it with a family favorite recipe!

Sustainable Gifts

Secondhand gifts are the best! Unless the person receiving the gift requests otherwise, try looking on Ebay, Craigslist, or at your local thrift store for a thoughtful and sustainable gift. If you can’t find anything there, don’t worry! You can hand-make a gift or give a donation to a charitable organization such as the World Wildlife Fund, Heifer International, or the Jane Goodall Institute, to name a few. My favorite birthday gift is an “experience gift”, when a friend or family member and I experience something together. For my last birthday, my family and I went to a state park for my birthday. We kayaked and hiked all day, and made valuable memories, too. 


“Green” Gift Wrap

There are many options for wrapping gifts without producing waste as a byproduct. Cloth bags or fabric squares are an excellent alternative to conventional gift wrap. They can be tied with another stip of fabric, some rope, or compostable twine. In my family, we still use tissue paper and store-bought gift bags. Instead of throwing them out, we take the bags and paper back home with us. The tissue paper is ironed and neatly folded, and the bags are stored in a box until the next occasion. We haven’t purchased or thrown out gift wrap supplies in years! When something rips, we simply recycle or repurpose it. 

Party Favors: A Thing of the Past

Loot bags are often filled with plastic toys or candies that are usually played with once or eaten and then thrown away. Many people are opting out of the party favor tradition altogether. However, if you’d still like to hand out favors, why not hand out a small potted plant, homemade treats in a reusable container, or a cookie/cake mix in a jar? 

Eco-Friendly Decorations

Making decorations at home is not only fun, but also good for the environment! My mom had sewn a pennant banner for my fifth birthday party, and we have used it every year since then. It’s colorful, creative, and 100% reusable. You can learn how to make your own pennant banner by clicking here. 

Another idea is to set out flower bouquets or pomanders that can be composted later. Bring nature inside with pinecones and evergreen twigs - the possibilities are endless! 

Day 28 Then End!

Wearing this dress all month taught me how to truly value my clothing. It validated my "less is more" approach to my personal wardrobe. I learned more about the fast fashion industry (how parallel it's to our plastic disposable problem) and its detrimental effects on people, environment, and the devaluing of materials and possessions. I also learned more about designers who are truly creating thoughtful, lasting, sustainable, and adaptable clothing. This black linen dress (from @prairieunderground ) held up beautifully this month and I know it still has many years of wear to come. Drown out the noise of fast fashion trends and invest in items that you can take ownership of. Put value back into the makers, materials, and the planet!

Day 26: Brand New at a Thrift Store

Outfit Look Day 26

How many of you have been to a thrift store? 

Thrifting to some sounds icky. I have a few friends who would never wear used clothing or shoes. For me, there is no problem sifting through aisles of used clothing and shoes. In fact, five of the eight shoes I own and half of my wardrobe are from thrift or consignment stores. 

We produce so much textiles and goods globally that we don't even know what it means to wear through something. In fact, most of what I find at thrift stores are in near perfect condition with many of the items brand new with tags still on. The two photos below are just a sample of what I found recently at our local independent thrift store.

Brand new Levis jeans and a brand new pajama set from Target!

This is a great article on about what happens to the clothes we donate...

Here's What Goodwill Actually Does With Your Donated Clothes


Day 25 Update

Outfit Day 25

Today wasn't that great. I didn't sleep at all last night and later in the day I started feeling a bit sick.

I needed to wash my dress, but instead of running a whole cycle. I used our steam refresh setting in the dryer for about 10 minutes. That did the trick.

Only three days left of wearing the dress and I'm finally thinking I'm ready to hang it up for a little while. 

The dress has held up amazingly. It actually has much more of a softer and worn in feel to it than before. I've washed it only a handful of times through out the month - taking extra care of it by never leaving it thrown on the floor or tossed over a chair. After each wear, I often inspected the dress for any fraying, snags, or holes. 

I still feel the same about my wardrobe, I like it small and adaptable.  

Day 24: Ambassador Highlight | The Five Looks Challenge

Outfit Look Day 24

Today, I'm sharing a story from one of our Be Zero Ambassadors Abbey.

Abbey recently shared her capsule wardrobe with us a few weeks ago (catch that post here), this time Abbey shares another wardrobe challenge with us! The Five Looks Challenge! Read below! 

Five Looks Challenge | By Abbey

In my last blog post, I shared my first ever capsule wardrobe with you all: what worked, what sucked, what I’m working towards. Well, I love my wardrobe so very much that in December, I was inspired to try something even more radical. 

One of my favorite sustainable and ethical fashion brands, People Tree, challenged all of their Instagram followers to create five different looks, wearing just five pieces for five days. 

Why? Between emerging research about microfibers in our waterways, the mass consumption and subsequent landfilling of textiles, and the unethical treatment of farmers and garment industry workers, fashion has an unreal impact on our planet.  And the best way to minimize your impact is to reduce and reuse, right? 

So, reduce to five pieces and reuse those five pieces throughout the week? Challenge accepted. 

My Five Pieces
Black silk A-line skirt
Green cardigan
Organic cotton leggings
Scoop-neck ¾ sleeve purple tee
White button-up

All five of these items are part of my current capsule wardrobe.  The skirt is secondhand from ThredUp (love love love them) and the leggings are one of only two truly ethical pieces in my closet. The cardigan, purple tee, and white button-up are all pieces I’ve owned for several years. 

I loved this challenge. It’s amazing how limiting my options really allowed me to think differently about what I wear each day. I probably could have made another few outfits with these five pieces, so I’m actually eager to try another five days with these same pieces! 

Ready for more? Make sure to check out Andrea’s #BeZeroOneDress challenge, where she is wearing one dress for the month of February and sharing her experience on the blog and Instagram. 

Day 23: Hand Stitching

It's snowing! The weather has been so unusually warm here in Boulder this month - with temps in the 70's and very little snow. 

I made one last swap to my wardrobe for the month. I swapped my light wash skinny jeans for those ones in this photo. With the snow today and the impending muddiness for the next few days, I decided to make the switch. Thinking back to the beginning of this month, I probably should have picked these two jeans to start with than the ones I initially picked. 

I'm wearing my hat and jean jacket and my little grey waterproof short boots today. And I shaped the dress so it's pulled and tucked up to shorten the length. Comfy and cozy! 


Before we move on to thrifting and wrapping up our month long one dress challenge, I wanted to share one more find that has helped me learn to repair my own clothing. Once you learn these five simple stitches you'll be able fix basic holes, loose buttons, and busted seams. The link is below!


Five Basic Hand Stitches

Day 22: Mending Jeans

I've been pairing my dress everyday with my ripped CK jeans that I bought thrifted and my handmade clay bolo tie from an amazing local potter here in Boulder. 

Jeans are (generally) sturdy, adaptable, and repairable! They're a clothing item that we can all easily take ownership of. 

Learning to do simple repairs on such a versatile piece of our wardrobe is all part cultivating an ownership mentality with our clothing. 

Check out this video below on how to mend holes in your jeans!  




Day 21 One Dress

Seven more days left! I'm in the last stretch of this one dress month. I couldn't be more pleased with this dress, honestly. Having worn it day in and day out it still looks great and feels great. 

Sure I'm getting a little antsy to dive into the other pieces of my wardrobe, but this dress will always be my one of my go-to pieces and I look forward to caring for it for years to come. 

Let me ask you a question. What does ownership mean to you? What does it mean to "own" your clothes? 


"In 2012, Americans created more than 14.3 million tons of textile waste," Norum said. "Much of this waste is due to clothes being discarded due to minor tears or stains-easily repairable damages if the owners have the skills and knowledge to fix them. If we, as a nation, want to move toward more sustainable practices in all aspects, we need to evaluate not only how we take care of our clothes, but how we educate younger generations to do so as well."  - Science Daily

How do you think we can collectively bring more value to our clothing again? Can we go on a clothing diet? What would inspire us to mend again and to support those in our community who can? 

Big and complex questions, but it ultimately comes down to each one of us becoming more mindful of what we choose to wear and how we choose to own it.